Saturday, December 01, 2012
Mechanics & Diesel Engine Technology DPF out of range high engine code
If an engine farts the wrong way an engine code pops up. The parameters are strung as tight as a piano string so a minimal buildup of soot or carbon within the exhaust system and you're in for a challenge. However if you have the laptop, software and experience it gets easier. That's the good news....the unfortunate part is you'll need deep pockets to keep your engine fine tuned and code free.
We just had our first run with one of our 2007 Mercedes MBE diesel engines that just ran out of warranty. All this new terminology I'm going to tell you about is focused around the muffler. The code was "DPF out of range high". This means the temperature or pressure at the sensors were not in their acceptable ranges. They are located right at the DPF "diesel particulate filter" (muffler) and tell the computer that there is a blockage starting to accumulate in the dpf cartridge/filter.
The on-board computer monitors this system and carries out automatic regenerations as it sees fit. A regen heats up the exhaust system to high temperatures and cooks the particulates out of the exhaust system without contaminating the environment. This works great and will give you trouble free driving for quite a while, however over time the regeneration process needs to be forced using your laptop software with the Mercedes MBE 900 diesels.
This is easy to do and can be done every second oil change or when required according to how hard the engine is worked. The longer it runs at operating temperature the better, because of the constant heat there will be less build up of particulates.
So getting back to our problem we checked the software for the last time the cartridge was serviced and it had been done once. It was not replaced but cleaned out 2 years earlier. By the way when you service the cartridge you must enter the details into the engine software records. So we replaced the cartridge which can easily be done on the bus by removing 2 clamps. It comes with gaskets as well.
Once the codes were deleted and the bus was road tested it came back clean and we were elated that everything worked out OK. So now we know what to do with that particular code, check the wiring, make sure you're getting a 0-5 Volt signal to the sensors and service or replace the DPF the cartridge. Recommended cleaning or replacement is 150,000 km. for this particular Mercedes diesel engine. If you've had some experience with this please leave a comment :)